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Turning waters to blood

September 24, 2013 1 comment

“They have power to turn the waters to blood” is part of the description of the two witnesses [Rev. 11:6]. In this article, the two witnesses are understood to represent the Scriptures, and the Spirit, the two things that Jesus said testify of him. [John 5:39; 15:26]

The waters in the prophecy signify the prophetic Scriptures. Blood signifies something that contaminates, that men cannot eat, or drink. Blood was forbidden to all men in Genesis. God said, “But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.” [Gen. 9:4] It was forbidden to Israel in the law of Moses. “Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood.” [Lev. 19:26]

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Henry Bechthold and the second woe

August 21, 2013 Comments off

In his article on The Seven Trumpets Of Revelation, Henry Bechthold proposed a unique interpretation of the cavalry of 200 million horses and horsemen of the second woe. He claims that both the horses and horsemen of the sixth trumpet, and the two witnesses, represent the church, and God’s end-time servants.

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G. K. Beale on the two witnesses

July 4, 2013 Comments off

Gregory K. Beale is Professor of New Testament and Biblical Theology at Westminster Theological Seminary. In his commentary on Revelation he says the two witnesses of chapter 11 represent the whole church, not two individual humans. Beale wrote: [1]

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Genesis and the two witnesses

August 20, 2012 Comments off

Elements of the prophecy of the two witnesses of Revelation 11, possibly alluding to the account of Adam and Eve in the garden of Eden in Genesis 2 & 3 are identified in the table below.

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William Milligan on the two witnesses

August 19, 2012 Comments off

William Milligan (1821-1892) was Professor of Divinity and Biblical Criticism in the University of Aberdeen. The following is his commentary on the prophecy of the two witnesses of Revelation 11. [William Milligan. The Book of Revelation. In: Marcus Dods, Robert Alexander Watson, Frederic William Farrar, eds. An Exposition of the Bible: a series of expositions covering all the books of the Old and New Testament, Volume 6.  S. S. Scranton Co.  Hartford, Conn. 1904. pp. 873-879]

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Timeline of theories on the two witnesses

August 17, 2012 2 comments

The word of God in prophecy is like mountains, and the theories, and opinions, and interpretations of men are like clouds in comparison. The prophet Joel spoke of the day of the Lord as “A day of darkness and of gloominess, a day of clouds and of thick darkness.” [Joel 2:2] Clouds are associated with darkness of a spiritual kind.

Peter described the false teachers as “clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.” [2 Peter 2:17]
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Scepticism and the cities of Rev. 11

August 16, 2012 Comments off

The sceptical Westminster Review for Oct. 1861 included a “secular exposition” of the Apocalypse, based on the work of various critics.

The author or authors of the essay took some pains to promote the notion that the Apocalypse was written before 70 A.D. Attempts at dating the writing of the Apocalypse before 70 A.D. are founded upon the idea that the cities mentioned in Rev. 11, the ‘holy city’ of vs. 2, and the ‘great city,’ called ‘Sodom and Egypt’ in vs. 8, are the same. This they insisted upon, while defending the opposite view of the temple of God mentioned in vs. 1 and vs. 19. These temples of God, they claimed, are different; the temple of God in Rev. 11:1 is located in the earthly Jerusalem, that (in their opinion) was not yet destroyed; John had to descend from heaven to measure it; but the one in vs. 19 is the temple in heaven.

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The two cities in Revelation 11:2, 8

August 15, 2012 Comments off

The prophecy in Revelation 11:1-14 refers to two cities, one being the holy city, which is Jerusalem, and another one which is not named specifically, but is referred to in a cryptic way.

These two cities are contrasted, as the labels “holy city” (verse 2) and “Sodom and Egypt” (verse 8) are as opposite as can be imagined. But, many expositors have tried to equate these two cities and find only one city in the chapter, which they identify with the earthly Jerusalem!

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The holy city shall they tread under foot

August 13, 2012 Comments off

In Revelation 11 & 12, there is a contrast between things of the earth, and things in heaven. In Revelation 11:2, the holy city is trampled by Gentiles for 42 months. This is not the earthly Jerusalem; rather, it is the one which Jesus called the city of the great King, [Matt. 5:35] which is established in the top of the mountains, and raised up above the hills. [Isa. 2:2] The heavenly city is the focus of prophecy, after the resurrection of Jesus; the earthly one was identified with Hagar the Egyptian bondwoman, who was cast out. [Gal. 4:25]

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Wordsworth on the two witnesses

August 12, 2012 Comments off

Christopher Wordsworth, (1807-1885) was a nephew of po­et Will­iam Words­worth, and the author of several theological works, including a Bible commentary, and 50 hymns. He was head­mas­ter of Har­row Boys School (1836-1850), and Vi­car at Stan­ford-in-the-Vale, Berk­shire (1850-1869), and Arch­dea­con of West­min­ster, and be­came Bi­shop of Lin­coln in 1868.

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Christopher Wordsworth on the Second Woe

August 11, 2012 1 comment

In the following, Christopher Wordsworth discusses the second woe of Revelation 9 & 11, from: Lectures on the Apocalypse, Critical, Expository, Practical, delivered before the University of Cambridge by Christopher Wordsworth, Canon of Westminster. 3rd. ed. London, 1852. pp. 142-158.
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Ascending and descending in Revelation 11-12

August 10, 2012 Comments off

In Revelation 11 and 12, there are several things ascending and descending, and heaven and earth, the sun, moon, and stars, are prominent symbols.

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Are Enoch and Elijah the two witnesses?

August 4, 2012 1 comment

In Revelation 11:1, John is told to measure the temple of God, which in the gospel era, is the church. In verse 2 he is told to omit the outer court, which is given to Gentiles, who trample the holy city for 42 months.

The prophecy of Daniel 7 describes the saints as given into the hand of a little horn, which arises among the ten horns of the fourth beast, representing the Roman Empire. The “time, times and a half” in Daniel 7:25 is the duration of the period of warfare between the saints and the little horn.

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Jesus and the two witnesses

July 31, 2012 2 comments

There are several parallels between the ministry of Jesus, and that of the two witnesses.

The two witnesses prophesy for 1,260 days, the time that the woman is nourished in the wilderness in Revelation 12:6, and Jesus also ministered for about three and a half years. In my view the 1,260 days is symbolic of the remaining time of the church in this present age, from the time the last of the New Testament books were written.

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