Archive for the ‘Second woe’ Category

The antichrist prophecies

March 3, 2014 3 comments

The great army of Joel 2

In Joel’s prophecy, God’s people are described under the figure of a plague of locusts. [vs. 25] The locust metaphor alludes to the Israelites in the wilderness. After the Exodus, Moses commissioned representatives from each tribe to survey the land that Israel was to inherit. When they returned after 40 days some of the spies gave an evil report, describing the people dwelling in the land as giants, and themselves as grasshoppers. People who have not entered the saints’ promised land are represented in Joel’s prophecy by locusts.

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The marriage supper in Revelation 19

September 9, 2013 Comments off

In the gospels, and in Revelation, Jesus is described as the bridegroom, and the Church is his bride. The marriage supper is featured in the parable of the ten virgins, [Matt. 25:1-13] and in a parable about the wedding garment. [Matt. 22:1-14] In Revelation 19, the marriage of the Lamb is announced:

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William Fulke on the second woe

September 6, 2013 Comments off

The following is a commentary on the second woe of Revelation 9:13-21 by William Fulke (1538-1589).

William Fulke. Praelections vpon the sacred and holy Reuelation of S. Iohn, written in latine by William Fulke Doctor of Diuinitie, and translated into English by George Gyffard, Imprinted at London: By Thomas Purfoote, at the signe of the Lucrece, Anno. 1573. pp. 48-61. (Spelling modified.)

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The second woe and the 1,260 days

September 5, 2013 Comments off

Some of the parables of Jesus about the kingdom of heaven provide clues that help us to understand and properly interpret the prophecies in Revelation.

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Franciscus Junius on the second woe

September 2, 2013 Comments off

The following is a commentary and interpretation of the second woe of Revelation 9 by Franciscus Junius (1545-1602). [From: Franciscus Junius. The Apocalyps, or Reuelation of S. Iohn the apostle and euangelist of our Lord [U. of Cambridge, 1596. pp. 105-111. Spelling has been modified.]

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John Peter Lange on the second woe

September 1, 2013 Comments off

The following is Lange’s commentary on the second woe of Rev. 9:13-21.

John Peter Lange, Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal and Homilectical. 1874. vol. 10. pp. 209-212.

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Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg and the Second woe

August 30, 2013 1 comment

The following is a commentary by E. W. Hengstenberg  on the second woe of Revelation 9.

Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg, The Revelation of St John. Vol. 1. pp. 442-456.

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200 million horses of the second woe

August 29, 2013 1 comment

Austin Farrer referred to the “astonishing elaboration of imagery” that John employed in the prophecy of the second woe. Metaphors overlie other metaphors like layers of clothing. In his book A Rebirth of Images: The Making of St. John’s Apocalypse [SUNY Press, 1949. pp. 235-236.] Farrer wrote:

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F. D. Maurice on the second woe

August 26, 2013 Comments off

The following is a commentary on the prophecy of the second woe, by F. D. Maurice, from: Fredrick Denison Maurice. Lectures On The Apocalypse. Macmillan And Co. London. (1861) pp. 163-168.

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George Eldon Ladd and the second woe

August 24, 2013 Comments off

G. E. Ladd’s interpretation of the prophecy of the second woe is quoted below, accompanied by my annotations. [George Eldon Ladd. A Commentary on the Revelation of John Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. 1972. pp. 135-139.]

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J. A. Smith and the second woe

August 23, 2013 Comments off

Justin Almerin Smith (1819-1896) discussed the second woe of Revelation chapter 9 in his Commentary on the Revelation. [American Baptist Publication Society. Philadelphia, Pa. 1884. pp. 131-139.]

Smith attempted to apply the prophecy to historical events. He believed the prophecy foretold the centuries of warfare between Mohammedanism and Christianity.

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Henry Bechthold and the second woe

August 21, 2013 Comments off

In his article on The Seven Trumpets Of Revelation, Henry Bechthold proposed a unique interpretation of the cavalry of 200 million horses and horsemen of the second woe. He claims that both the horses and horsemen of the sixth trumpet, and the two witnesses, represent the church, and God’s end-time servants.

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I. T. Beckwith on the Second Woe

August 17, 2013 2 comments

The following is a commentary on Revelation 9:13-21 by Isbon Thaddeus Beckwith, The Apocalypse of John [Macmillan Co., New York. 1919. pp. 564-570.]

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Prophetic nightmares and Revelation 9

August 12, 2013 2 comments

In his article Revelation 9: Imagine Your Worst Nightmare, John Mark Hicks presents his views on the two woes described in Revelation 9. The first woe, he thinks, arises from nature. The second is from humanity.

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Henry Alford on the second woe

July 30, 2013 Comments off

The following is Henry Alford’s commentary on Revelation 9:13-21, from The Greek Testament with a critically revised text, a digest of various readings, marginal references to verbal and idiomatic usage, prolegomena, and a critical and exegetical commentary, for the use of theological students and ministers. 3rd ed. by Henry Alford (1810-1871). Published 1856 by Rivingstons, Deighton, Bell, and Co. in London, Cambridge. pp. 644-648.
Link to source: 

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Zechariah’s astonished horses and the second woe

July 30, 2013 Comments off

The horses of the prophecy of the 2nd woe may allude to the horses mentioned in Zechariah 12, and 14.

In Zechariah’s prophecies, the armies of those who come against Jerusalem are not killed; instead, they are smitten with “astonishment,” and with “blindness,” and other plagues. This illustrates that they are involved in warfare of a spiritual nature, not a flesh and blood conflict.

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Interpretation of the second woe

July 25, 2013 Comments off

The traditional interpretation of the second woe of Revelation 9 is that the horses in the prophecy are symbolic, and represent false teachers, and apostasy, which, it was believed, would become worse at the time of the end. The views of some of the early scholars of the church who studied the Apocalypse are considered in this post. Quotations and author information are adapted from Augustus Clissold, The spiritual exposition of the Apocalypse, Volume 2, 1851.

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The horses of the sixth trumpet

July 15, 2013 Comments off

Neither the locust plague of the fifth trumpet, which is the first woe, nor the army of horses in the sixth trumpet, which is the 2nd woe, are able to bring the world to repentance. In the sixth trumpet, the horses represent people who lack spiritual understanding.

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Symbolic horses of Joel 2 and Revelation 9

July 11, 2013 1 comment

Several prophecies, including Joel 2, Rev. 9 & 19 speak of armies of horses, and horsemen. They are not literal horses, but figurative.

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