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Comments on ‘R. Govett and the First Woe’

June 29, 2014 Comments off

Robert Govett’s commentary on Revelation 9:1-11 is part of his exposition of the Apocalypse. His exposition of the First Woe prophecy, from an abridged edition of his commentary, is provided in this pdf file: R. Govett on the First Woe.

Govett claimed the woe-trumpets described in this chapter begin the great tribulation. “With the woe-trumpets the time of Great Tribulation on earth begins. Matt. xxiv. 21, 22.” Govett identified the “bottomless pit” with “hell.” He said men will become “fearfully immortal” for five months, the time associated with the first woe: “Men are made fearfully immortal during five months of Satan’s reign.”

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God’s sword in prophecy

May 20, 2014 Comments off

In Scripture, fire and God’s sword each represent the word of God. Jesus said his word will not pass away.

Matthew 24:35, Mark 13:31, & Luke 21:33
Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

The tree of life in the garden of Eden was guarded by Cherubims brandishing a flaming sword, after Adam and Eve were expelled.

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The fire of the gospel

May 6, 2014 Comments off

In Scripture, fire and God’s sword each represent the word of God, which Jesus said, will endure forever.

Matthew 24:35, Mark 13:31, & Luke 21:33
Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.

Jeremiah compared God’s word to fire.

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The antichrist prophecies

March 3, 2014 3 comments

The great army of Joel 2

In Joel’s prophecy, God’s people are described under the figure of a plague of locusts. [vs. 25] The locust metaphor alludes to the Israelites in the wilderness. After the Exodus, Moses commissioned representatives from each tribe to survey the land that Israel was to inherit. When they returned after 40 days some of the spies gave an evil report, describing the people dwelling in the land as giants, and themselves as grasshoppers. People who have not entered the saints’ promised land are represented in Joel’s prophecy by locusts.

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The parable of the talents, and talent-sized hail stones

February 8, 2014 Comments off

In his Olivet Discourse, Jesus said to his disciples:

“For the kingdom of heaven is as a man travelling into a far country, who called his own servants, and delivered unto them his goods. And unto one he gave five talents, to another two, and to another one; to every man according to his several ability; and straightway took his journey. Then he that had received the five talents went and traded with the same, and made them other five talents. And likewise he that had received two, he also gained other two. But he that had received one went and digged in the earth, and hid his lord’s money.

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Gog and Magog and the camp of the saints

January 15, 2014 Comments off

Dispensational attempts to interpret Ezekiel’s prophecy of the Gog & Magog invasion are a huge embarrassment; for example, the weapons of the invaders, bows and arrows, clubs, spears, javelins, swords, shields, bucklers, etc., are archaic. They are made of wood, that is later burned by Israel for fuel, so they no longer need to collect any firewood for 7 years.

The invaders all ride horses, which are very vulnerable to modern weapons such as firearms, bombs, machine guns, etc. There are also logistical problems feeding large herds of horses in regions where fresh water and grass is scarce. And horse populations are quite limited in modern times.

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Clissold on the sun turning to darkness

October 8, 2013 Comments off

Augustus Clissold (1797-1882) presented the interpretations of numerous commentators on the sun turning to darkness in the sixth seal of Revelation 6, which John described as follows:
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Turning waters to blood

September 24, 2013 1 comment

“They have power to turn the waters to blood” is part of the description of the two witnesses [Rev. 11:6]. In this article, the two witnesses are understood to represent the Scriptures, and the Spirit, the two things that Jesus said testify of him. [John 5:39; 15:26]

The waters in the prophecy signify the prophetic Scriptures. Blood signifies something that contaminates, that men cannot eat, or drink. Blood was forbidden to all men in Genesis. God said, “But flesh with the life thereof, which is the blood thereof, shall ye not eat.” [Gen. 9:4] It was forbidden to Israel in the law of Moses. “Ye shall not eat any thing with the blood.” [Lev. 19:26]

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Wordsworth on the battle of Armageddon

September 10, 2013 1 comment

The following is a commentary by Christopher Wordsworth (1807-1885) on some of the Scriptures describing a great spiritual conflict at the end of the age.

Christopher Wordsworth, Lectures on the Apocalypse: critical, expository, and practical, delivered before the University of Cambridge (1852) pp. 378-417.

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Revelation and the words of Jesus

September 10, 2013 Comments off

Prophecies of Revelation with possible connections to the teachings of Jesus are listed in the following table.

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The marriage supper in Revelation 19

September 9, 2013 Comments off

In the gospels, and in Revelation, Jesus is described as the bridegroom, and the Church is his bride. The marriage supper is featured in the parable of the ten virgins, [Matt. 25:1-13] and in a parable about the wedding garment. [Matt. 22:1-14] In Revelation 19, the marriage of the Lamb is announced:

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William Fulke on the second woe

September 6, 2013 Comments off

The following is a commentary on the second woe of Revelation 9:13-21 by William Fulke (1538-1589).

William Fulke. Praelections vpon the sacred and holy Reuelation of S. Iohn, written in latine by William Fulke Doctor of Diuinitie, and translated into English by George Gyffard, Imprinted at London: By Thomas Purfoote, at the signe of the Lucrece, Anno. 1573. pp. 48-61. (Spelling modified.)

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The second woe and the 1,260 days

September 5, 2013 Comments off

Some of the parables of Jesus about the kingdom of heaven provide clues that help us to understand and properly interpret the prophecies in Revelation.

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Franciscus Junius on the second woe

September 2, 2013 Comments off

The following is a commentary and interpretation of the second woe of Revelation 9 by Franciscus Junius (1545-1602). [From: Franciscus Junius. The Apocalyps, or Reuelation of S. Iohn the apostle and euangelist of our Lord [U. of Cambridge, 1596. pp. 105-111. Spelling has been modified.]

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John Peter Lange on the second woe

September 1, 2013 Comments off

The following is Lange’s commentary on the second woe of Rev. 9:13-21.

John Peter Lange, Commentary on the Holy Scriptures, Critical, Doctrinal and Homilectical. 1874. vol. 10. pp. 209-212.

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Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg and the Second woe

August 30, 2013 1 comment

The following is a commentary by E. W. Hengstenberg  on the second woe of Revelation 9.

Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg, The Revelation of St John. Vol. 1. pp. 442-456.

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200 million horses of the second woe

August 29, 2013 1 comment

Austin Farrer referred to the “astonishing elaboration of imagery” that John employed in the prophecy of the second woe. Metaphors overlie other metaphors like layers of clothing. In his book A Rebirth of Images: The Making of St. John’s Apocalypse [SUNY Press, 1949. pp. 235-236.] Farrer wrote:

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F. D. Maurice on the second woe

August 26, 2013 Comments off

The following is a commentary on the prophecy of the second woe, by F. D. Maurice, from: Fredrick Denison Maurice. Lectures On The Apocalypse. Macmillan And Co. London. (1861) pp. 163-168.

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George Eldon Ladd and the second woe

August 24, 2013 Comments off

G. E. Ladd’s interpretation of the prophecy of the second woe is quoted below, accompanied by my annotations. [George Eldon Ladd. A Commentary on the Revelation of John Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing. 1972. pp. 135-139.]

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J. A. Smith and the second woe

August 23, 2013 Comments off

Justin Almerin Smith (1819-1896) discussed the second woe of Revelation chapter 9 in his Commentary on the Revelation. [American Baptist Publication Society. Philadelphia, Pa. 1884. pp. 131-139.]

Smith attempted to apply the prophecy to historical events. He believed the prophecy foretold the centuries of warfare between Mohammedanism and Christianity.

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