In her book “Cosmology and Eschatology in Jewish and Christian Apoocalypticism” Adela Yarbro Collins wrote referring to Daniel chapter 8:
The following is part of E. R. Bevan’s account of the history of Antiochus IV, and of his influence upon the Jews in the second century BC.
Bevan, Edwyn Robert, 1902.
The House of Seleucus, Vol II
Edward Arnold, London
One of the most dark, and hidden subjects related to the Scriptures is the meaning of the firmament of Genesis 1, and of the waters that are said to be above the heavens. The apostle Peter said: “We have also a more sure word of prophecy; whereunto ye do well that ye take heed, as unto a light that shineth in a dark place, until the day dawn, and the day star arise in your hearts: Knowing this first, that no prophecy of the scripture is of any private interpretation. For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.” (2 Peter 1:19-210)
Denis O. Lamoureux is the author of “Lessons from the Heavens: On Scripture, Science and Inerrancy.” [Perspectives on Science and Christian Faith, Volume 59, Number 1, March 2007.]
The article focuses upon concordism as an interpretive approach to biblical cosmology in contrast to what he calls a modern phenomenological perspective. Lamoureux included the following discussion of the firmament:
The following is LeRoy Froom’s discussion of Nicholas of Cusa’s interpretation of the 2,300 days of Daniel 8:13-14, which he correctly explained as representing 2,300 years, that began in the third year of Belshazzar, the date of the vision (c. 550 B.C.), [Dan. 8:1] and ended about 1750 A.D.
The PROPHETIC FAITH OF OUR FATHERS
The Historical Development of Prophetic Interpretation
by Le Roy Edwin Froom
VOLUME II. REVIEW AND HERALD. 1948
The following is a brief account of the history of the notion of “waters above the heavens” that followed from the identification of the ‘raqia’ or ‘firmament’ made on the second day with heaven, by the insertion of “And God called the firmament Heaven,” [Gen. 1:8] one of the key changes implemented by Antiochus IV and his agents in the second century BC. Since the ‘raqia’ was a solid layer formed in the midst of the primeval waters, that separated the upper from the lower waters, identifying it with heaven implies waters above the heavens. For centuries, theologians and astronomers struggled to understand these mysterious upper waters.
The scientific revolution in astronomy that occurred about 1750 AD fulfilled the prophecy of Daniel 8:13-14, when an angelic messenger or saint answered the question, “How long shall be the vision concerning the tamiyd [continual] and the transgression of desolation, to give both the sanctuary and the host to be trodden under foot?” The answer came: “And he said unto me, Unto two thousand and three hundred days; then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.” Read more…