Promises fulfilled in Christ

June 10, 2012

Paul explained in 2 Corinthians 1:20 that all the promises of God are made available to us through Christ; he wrote: “For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.” In the Old Testament, these promises were given to God’s people Israel, but the New Testament shows that those who believe in Christ share in them, as they have become part of the true Israel of God through faith. Some of these promises are listed in table below. The notes in the right hand column suggest how they are fulfilled by Christ and his church.

Promise Reference Fulfilled by Jesus and his church
the perpetual throne of David Psa 89:3-4; Mic 4:7; Luke 1:32 In Acts 2:36, Peter said Jesus had been made both Lord and Christ, meaning he fulfills the promise of a seed who would reign upon the throne of David forever.
David’s seed will build the house of God 2 Sam 7:16 Jesus said, “I will build my church” [Matt 16:18]
a perpetual priesthood Jer 33:20-22 Jesus has a perpetual priesthood. [Heb 6:20] The saints are a royal priesthood. [1 Pet 2:9] They offer spiritual sacrifices. [1 Pet 2:5]
the fallen tabernacle of David will be restored Amos 9:11 James said this prophecy was fulfilled; [Acts 15:16] John wrote of Jesus, “on his head were many crowns.” [Rev 19:12]
the key of David Isa 22:22 Jesus has the key of David and governs the heavenly Jerusalem. [Rev 3:7]
mount Zion raised up Isa 2:2 Jesus fulfilled Isaiah 2:2; the promised king of the line of David, and the mountain of the Lord’s house, and mount Zion, and the holy city, were established in the “tops of the mountains,” and exulted “above the hills,” in heaven, when Jesus ascended to heaven, and to God’s throne, after God raised him up from the grave. The saints also are raised up together, and “sit together in heavenly places in Christ Jesus.” [Eph 2:6]
mount Zion cannot be moved; it remains forever Psa 125:1 The heavenly mount Zion, the church which Jesus is building, endures forever.  [Matt 16:18]
unity of Israel Ezek 37:16-22 The church is the true Israel, united in Christ. “So we, being many, are one body in Christ, and every one members one of another.” [Rom 12:15]
who shall declare his generation? Isa 53:8 Since Jesus rose from the grave and remains alive, his generation still exists; his generation does not pass away. [Matt 24:34]
in his days Judah will be saved and Israel will dwell safely Jer 23:5 The days of Jesus continue since his resurrection; those who are in Christ are the Judah and Israel who are saved, and dwell safely; he is “the Saviour of all men, specially of those that believe.” [1 Tim 4:10]
Jerusalem is a tabernacle that shall not be taken down Isa 33:20 Isaiah wrote, “thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken;” [Isa 33:20] “Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.” [Isa 60:18] These prophecies apply to the heavenly Jerusalem, but not the earthly city that was destroyed in 70 AD.
in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance Joel 2:32 This applies to the heavenly Jerusalem which Jesus called “the city of the great King.” [Matt 5:35]
Jerusalem will be righteous Jer 33:16 Jesus is the righteousness of the saints; “But of him are ye in Christ Jesus, who of God is made unto us wisdom, and righteousness, and sanctification, and redemption.” [1 Cor 1:30]
Jerusalem will have a wall of fire Zech 2:5 Fire represents God’s word, and the gospel. “He shall baptize you with the Holy Spirit and with fire.” [Luke 3:16]
a fountain opened to the house of David for sin Zech 13:1 The house of David refers to the saints. [Acts 15:16]
God will fight against those who assault Jerusalem Zech 14:3 God fights for his saints in the heavenly Jerusalem, which is the camp of the saints and the beloved city. [Rev 20:9]
God will be like broad streams about Jerusalem Isa 33:21 Streams and rivers represent themes of spiritual knowledge of Christ and the gospel.
rivers of living water flow from Jerusalem Zech 14:8 Jesus said rivers of living water flow from those who believe in him. [John 7:38]
a healing river Ezek 47:8-9 The waters of the gospel go forth from God’s saints to the world continually, like a river that heals.
rivers flow on the mountains Isa 30:25; 41:18 Mountains represent God’s promises; rivers on the mountains represent spiritual knowledge and understanding.
mountains drop new wine Joel 3:18 Mountains are symbols of promises to the saints, and new wine represents new knowledge and fresh understanding. [Mark 2:22]
hills flow with milk Joel 3:18 Milk represents God’s word. [Heb 5:11; 1 Pet 2:2]
Elijah to return Mal 4:5-6 The Spirit of truth is the Comforter who abides with the church for ever. [John 14:16, 26; 15:26]
Elijah will turn the hearts of the fathers to the children, and the hearts of the children to the fathers Mal 4:5-6 The Holy Spirit in the church fulfills this promise. The hearts of the apostles were turned to those who would follow Christ in future generations; the hearts of the children are turned to the prophets, and the writings of the apostles in the New Testament.
the glory of God will fill the temple Ezek 43:5 “The glory of the LORD filled the house.” This fulfilled by the Spirit of Christ in his saints. “Wherefore receive ye one another, as Christ also received us to the glory of God.” [Rom 15:7]
promise of the land Gen 15:7;  17:8 Abraham did not receive the land that God had promised to give him; the saints now look for a “better country.” [Heb 11:16] Jesus fulfills the land promise. In the distribution of the land to the 12 tribes, the tribe of Levi received no land, but the Lord was their inheritance instead; [Deut 10:9] similarly, Jesus is the possession of the saints in lieu of the literal land. When he ascended to heaven, and began his reign as king over the Israel of God on the throne of David, the types and shadows were replaced by spiritual realities. The earthly promised land prefigured the “better country” of the saints, which is the spiritual territory, to which they come. The inheritance of the saints is spiritual; the land in the promise to Abraham represented the spiritual inheritance of the saints. The rivers in it are spiritual streams of knowledge, wisdom and understanding, that flow from the throne of God. Jesus promised that the Spirit would guide the saints into all truth. [John 16:13]
God searches for his scattered sheep Ezek 34:11-12 Jesus said that God seeks those who worship him in spirit and in truth. [John 4:23]
all Israel will be restored to the land Ezek 39:28-29 All the saints will be restored to their inheritance, and the knowledge of God, which is represented by the promised land. Paul said, “But to those whom he has made holy his coming will mean splendour unimaginable. It will be a breath-taking wonder to all who believe—including you, for you have believed the message that we have given you.” [2 Thess 1:10 J.B. Phillips NT]
the land opens its mouth and swallows up the serpent’s flood Rev 12:15 The land that swallows up the serpent’s flood of flawed literal interpretations signifies the promised land, and a better country, which is the spiritual inheritance of the saints. [Heb 11:16]
a seed of Jacob will inherit the mountains of God  Isa 65:9 The mountains represent the blessings and promises to Israel; [Gen 49:26] Jesus has inherited all the promises of God. [2 Cor 1:20]
mountains will yield fruit to Israel Ezek 36:8 The promises of God will be possessed by the saints, and will bear fruit to them. “Be patient therefore, brethren, unto the coming of the Lord. Behold, the husbandman waiteth for the precious fruit of the earth, and hath long patience for it, until he receive the early and latter rain.” [Jam 5:7]
Israel will no more be plucked up from their land Amos 9:15 The saints will return to the faith that was once delivered to them. “Beloved, when I gave all diligence to write unto you of the common salvation, it was needful for me to write unto you, and exhort you that ye should earnestly contend for the faith which was once delivered unto the saints.” [Jud 3]

 

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