Home > Book of Revelation, Literalism, The 1,000 years > Jurieu on the promises to the Jews

Jurieu on the promises to the Jews

November 22, 2011

The second of Pierre Jurieu‘s four “springs” of arguments in which he endeavours to prove the thousand years reign is presented below. [Pierre Jurieu. The accomplishment of the prophecies, or, the approaching deliverance of the church. 1687. 2nd Part, Ch. 17. pp. 294-311.]

The angel Gabriel appeared to Mary the mother of Jesus, and said of her son, “He shall be great, and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David.” [Luke 1:32]

The throne of David meant being king over Israel, and reigning in Jerusalem. But Jesus ascended to heaven, and Peter said, he has been made “both Lord and Christ.” [Acts 2:36] Jerusalem, in later Scriptures, was a heavenly city. [Hebrews 12:22, Revelation 21:10]

James identified the Church with the tabernacle of David. [Acts 15:16] The Gentiles who believe are included in the body of Christ, the Church, and therefore, they become heirs to the promises belonging to Israel.

Jurieu outlines some of the Old Testament promises, which he says have never been fulfilled. But his argument for a millennial reign where Jews are exulted was flawed, because when he wrote that prophecy showed that “the people of Israel must be the ruling, the chosen, the Holy people,” he also acknowledged that “the Gentiles must be made happy, because they shall be incorporated into this Israel.  Evidently, Jurieu did not comprehend that when Gentiles believe in Christ, they are incorporated into Israel, and thus they are incorporated into the chosen, holy nation of God, the true Israel. Thus Peter said, “But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light.” [1 Peter 2:9]

The prophecies given to Israel are reinterpreted, and applied to the Church, in the New Testament; for example many of the promises of Isaiah 60 (which Jurieu refers to below) are alluded to in Revelation 21, in John’s description of the New Jerusalem. Paul said, “For all the promises of God in him are yea, and in him Amen, unto the glory of God by us.” [ 2 Corinthians 1:20]


The second spring of Arguments to prove the thousand years reign, is the reign promised to the Jews. The promises made to them, have not been fulfilled, but must be. The conversion of St. Paul is a Type of that of the whole Nation.

The second spring of my Arguments shall be the Prophecies and Oracles, which promise unto the Jews extraordinary blessings, a reign upon Earth, a prosperity that shall be visible to all Nations;  yea, an elevation to a Kingdom unto which all Nations must pay homage. These Oracles are without number: we must only produce some of them. Isa. 2:2, And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the Lords house shall be establisht in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills, and all Nations shall flow unto it. 3. And many people shall go and say, Come ye and let us go up to the Mountain of the Lord, to the house of the God of Jacob, and he will teach us of his ways, &c. And he shall judge among the Nations, and rebuke many people. And in Chapter 25, v. 8. He will swallow up death in victory, and the Lord God will wipe away tears from all faces, and the rebuke of his  people shall he take away from off all the earth, For the Lord hath spoken it. And in the beginning of the 32 Chapter. Behold, a King shall reign in righteousness, and Princes shall rule in judgement. And a man shall be a hiding place from the storm, and a covert from the tempest. And in the 41 Chapter, v. 8. But thou Israel art my servant, Jacob whom I have chosen, the  seed  of Abraham my friend, &c. v. 10. Fear, not, for I am with thee, be not dismay’d, for I am thy God, I will strengthen thee; yea, I will help thee, yea, I will uphold thee with the right hand of my righteousness, v.15. Thou shalt seek them, and shalt not find them, even the men that contended with thee, &c. v. 15. Behold, I will make thee a new sharp threshing Instrument having teeth, thou shalt thresh the mountains, and shalt make the hills as chaff. In the 43. Chapter, vers. 1,2,3, &c. But now thus saith the Lord, that created thee O Jacob, and he that formed, thee O Israel, Fear not, for I have redeemed thee; I have called thee by name; When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee For I am the Lord thy God, the holy one of Israel thy Saviour Fear not, for I am with thee, I will bring thy seed from the East, and gather thee from the West; I will say to the North, Give up; and to the South, keep not back; bring my sons from far, and my daughters from the ends of the Earth. And in the 44 Chap. v. 2, 3. Thus saith the Lord that made thee, and formed thee from the womb, who will help thee. Fear not O Jacob my servant; for I will pour water upon him that is thirsty, and floods upon the dry ground: I will pour my spirit upon thy seed, and my blessing upon thine Offspring. And in the 45 Chap. v.14, 15, 16, &c. Thus saith the Lord, the labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia, and of the Sabeans, men of  stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine, they shall come after thee in chains, they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, Surely God is in thee, & there is none else, &c. v. 23, 25.  I have sworn by my self, the word is gone out of my mouth in righteousness, and shall not return, that unto me every knee shall bow, every tongue shall swear. In the Lord shall all the seed of Israel be justified, and glory. In the 49. Chapter throughout, and especially from the thirteenth. Verse. Sing, O Heaven, and be joyfull, O Earth, and break forth into singing, O mountains, for God hath comforted his people, and will have mercy upon his afflicted. But Sion hath said, the Lord hath forsaken me, and my Lord hath forgotten me: Can a woman forget her sucking child, &c. Thy children shall make haste, and thy destroyers, and they that made thee waste shall go forth of thee. Lift up thine eyes round about and behold, all these gather themselves together, and come to thee; as I live, saith the Lord, thou shall surely cloath thee with them all as with an ornament, and bind them on thee as a Bride doth, &c. Then shalt thou say in thy heart, who hath begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children and am desolate, a captive, and removing to and fro? and  who hath brought up these? Behold, I was left alone, and these where had they been? &c. And Kings shall be thy nursing fathers, and Queens thy nursing mothers, and they shall bow down to thee, with their face toward the earth, and lick up the dust of thy f1et, and thou shalt know that I am the Lord, for they shall not be ashamed that wait for me. One might transcribe the whole Prophet, for he is filled with these great promises. Read the 54, the 61, the 65, the 66, and above all the 60 Chapter, where  he speaks to Jerusalem, Arise, shine, for thy light is come, And the glory of the Lord is risen upon thee; For behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people, but the Lord shall arise upon thee, & his glory shalt be seen upon thee. And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and Kings to the brightness of thy rising. Lift up thine eyes round about and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee; thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side. Then thou shalt fee, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged, because the abundance of the Sea shall be converted unto thee, and the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee, &c. And the sons of the strangers shall build up thy walls, and their Kings, shall minister unto thee; for in my wrath I smote thee; but in my favour have I had mercy on thee. All the rest of the Chapter hath the same strength, and the same sense.

We ask, when these Oracles have been fulfilled? was it, when this people was brought back out of the Babylonian captivity? But how can any man speak at this rate? what extravagant figures would these be? Because this people rebuilt the City of Jerusalem, and the Temple, and formed a petty State in Syria, under the Maccabees; could any one say, that their  Empire should be as large as the whole world, that all the Kings of the earth should pay them homage, that their children should be without number, &c.? Besides, have not all these Oracles a Character of spirituality, which shews us, that God promiseth to give the Jews light, knowledge, holiness, righteousness? Thy people also shall be all righteous saith the Prophet. But ’tis well known the government of the Maccabees was not of this nature. Tis therefore certain, yea, ’tis owned by all that are able to pierce into the spirit of the Prophets, that all these blessings have relation unto the times of the Messiah.

Let any one tell us, What blessings the Nation of the Jews hath received by the Messiah? For almost two thousand years, this miserable Nation is scatter’d throughout the Earth,
it is the excrement, the curse & off-scouring of all; it sighs under a long and cruel captivity. Matters shall they then go off thus, the end of the World will come; the Jews shall perish in their miseries! If this be so, certainly all these Prophecies are cheats; the holy Spirit hath deceived this Nation, all their Oracles are false, and God hath born them up with vain hopes; for this is trifling with God and men, to say, that these promises were accomplisht in that small number of Jews, who were converted to Christianity: When those Jewish Christians were so bad Christians, that they only served to found a cursed heresy, and sect; which hath born the name of Ebionates and Nazarens.

‘Twill without doubt he said, that the Jews shall have the fulfilling of these great promises, through their return and calling, which will be at the end of the World. Indeed ’tis a Position in true Christianity, that the Jews shall be called again. A thousand Oracles (some of which we have cited) promise this. The Miracle, by which God doth preserve this Nation, proveth it, as I think most irresistably. For lastly, ’tis a thing that hath no Example, and cannot be imagined, that God should for two thousand years preserve this people, scatter’d among other Nations, yet without mixing it self with them, or learning their manners, their Religions, their fashions, which all other dispersed Nations do. This plainly speaks, that God preserves them for some great work. Now this being supposed, that the Jews shall be converted;, if presently after, the World shall end, and if neither the present Jews nor their posterity do enjoy the glorious advantages that are promised to them, how shall they see the effects and accomplishment of so many Oracles?

Here are infinite millions of souls of Jews, which perish for seventeen hundred years together, only a small number of this people shall be saved in the last years of the World. Is this enough to answer those, great Idea’s, raised by the magnificent promises made to this Nation?

Besides, we must observe, that the Messiah belongs to the Jews, he was promised to the Jews; promised this Nation from its very original hath been fed with the hopes of the Messiah’s coming, as of such a good, which was too great to be described, At last he comes, and this people (instead of seeing those great promises accomplisht) sees their Temple burnt, their capital City razed, their Service abolisht, their posterity disperst throughout the world, and made the execration and contempt of mankind. Thus the Messiah, the glory of their Nation, brings them nothing but shame, desolation, and infinite miseries, which have no parallel in any other people. All the advantage they have is, that at the end of the world, some thousands of Jews shall be converted, and escape the being damn’d. If this be so, I confess that I understand nothing in the providences and Oracles of God.

There must therefore come a time, that shall be the reign of the Messiah and the Jews, in which this Nation shall be exalted (as hath been promised them ) above all the Nations; they must reign in their Saints, Prophets and Apostles. Otherwise I am bold to say, that all the Oracles given to this people are cheats, and were given only to be a snare to them.

But some will say, all these glorious promises have been accomplisht in the Church, which hath been not been gather’d among the Gentiles. ‘Tis she, who hath enlarged the cords of her tents; whose children have been called from all the parts of the World. To her must be applyed every thing which is said, to make the Church great and glorious. But do they not perceive, that in the Oracles before us, the Gentiles are evidently distinguisht from the people of Israel: Israel rules over the Gentiles; the Nations must rejoyce in her light: All Nations must, come day and night unto mount Sion, and to the City of Jerusalem. The Kings of the Gentiles must be her Protectors, her nursing Fathers: Sion must suck their milk; Sion must be served, the Gentiles must serve her. In a word, let all these Oracles be viewed; and it will be seen that the people of Israel must be the ruling, the chosen, the Holy people, and that the Gentiles must be made happy, because they shall be incorporated into this Israel.

Besides this, how can this thought be entertained, that all the terrible threatnings, that have been denounc’t against the earthly Jerusalem, (and against the people of Israel, according to the flesh) have been accomplisht in the literal and strict sense, upon her and her children: and that the promises of grace and glory have not, must not be accomplistit, but only typically in those forreign Nations, with whom she hath really no communion. I should as soon choose to say, that some advantagious promises made to the French were fulfilled, because they were made good to the Spaniards: Jews, and Gentiles have always been in a direct opposition: the grace promised to the one, is not the grace belonging to the other. – ‘Twas fore-told to Israel, that God would scatter them in his anger, and disperse them throughout the Earth, that they should see sad days, in which they should be without a King, and without a Prince, and without a Sacrifice, and without an Image, and without an Ephod, and without Teraphim. This hath been fulfilled in the letter, and strictest sense. At the foot of these threatnings (which are in almost every page of the Prophets) we likewise read of great and emphatical promises of resettling, return, of a glory, a reign, and of an Empire. The threatnings have had their accomplishment upon the Jews, and shall the promises have theirs only upon the Gentiles? This is not probable at all. And that certain calling of some Jews, which (they say) must be at the end of the World, is not sufficient to salve the veracity of God.

We need only consult the 63 Chapter of Isaiah, where the present State of the Jews is painted in such lively colours, that ’tis not possible to mistake. But they rebelled and vexed his holy Spirit; therefore he was turned to be their enemy and fought against them. Behold their sin, ’tis the sin against the Holy Ghost; this is to be well, observed. To vex the Holy Spirit, to quench the spirit, ti sin against the Holy Ghost, to do despite to the spirit of grace, are the same thing in the style of the new Testament,. And here Isaiah fore-tells, that this people in their Apostacy from God, will vex his holy spirit, i.e. will sin against the Holy Ghost. This is exactly the sin with which our Saviour reproaches them, in the 13th of Matthew. ‘Tis an unpardonable sin, that is not forgiven either in this World, or in that which is to come. That Generation which was contemporary with Jesus Christ, hath been punish’d with eternal torments; their sine was never pardon’d to them; yea, their children bear their iniquity in the wilderness, for forty years. See, in what language the Prophet paints out the punishment, which the Jews lie under at this day. Why hast thou made us to err from thy ways, and hardned our heart from thy fear? The people of thy holiness, have possessed it but a little while, our adversaries have trodden down thy Sanctuary. We are thine, thou never barest rule over them, they were not called by thy name. Here we have 1. The dismal hardning into which God suffer’d them to fall. Why hast, thou made us to err from thy ways. 2. . Their long expulsion and exile out or their own Land; the people of thy holiness have possessed it but a little while; our adversaries have trodden down thy Sanctuary. 3ly. The total abandoning of this nation by God; We are as those among whom thou bearest no rule (so the French version) 4ly And lastly, the continuing impiety of this Nation; thy name is not called upon by us ( so the French version) Nothing of all this agrees to the Babylonish captivity; it was not long, it lasted but 59 years, it was not attended with Induration; On the contrary, this people was so touched with this terrible correction, that after that time they never returned to that Idolatry, which had brought such great punishments upon them. And those records which we have concerning their conversation in their captivity, (as the books of Ezra, Nehemiah and Esther) inform us, that they repented, very seriously, and in their captivity did not partake of the impurities of the Gentiles; It can’t therefore be said, that God did not bear rule over them, and that his name was not call’d upon by them during this captivity. ‘Tis therefore the present captivity of the Jews, which the Prophet describes here.

But what saith he afterward, and as a consequence of this captivity, I will mention the loving kindnesses of the Lord, and the praises of the Lord, according to all that the Lord hath bestowed on us: and the great goodness toward the house of Israel, which he hath bestowed on them according to his mercies, and according to the multitude of his loving kindnesses. For he said, surely they are my people, children that will not lye, so he was their Saviour. If the Jews have nothing else to look for, but the conversion of some thousands of them who shall not be damned, could it be said, that the goodness is great that is bestowed us on the house of Israel, and that God will deal with them, according to the Multitude of his loving-kindnesses? If we compare the whole Nation, which for almost two thousand years was to be lost, would such a conversion deserve to be counted any thing?

Above all, we must take notice in this 63 Chapter, that the six first verses, represent in a magnificent manner, the bloody victory of a Conqueror. Who is this that comet from Edom, with dyed garments from Bozrah? this that is glorious in his apparel, travelling in the greatness of his strength. I that speak  in righteousness, mighty to save,. Wherefore art thou red in thine apparel, and thy garments like him that treadeth in the wine-fat? I have trodden the wine-press alone, and of the people, there was none with me: for I will tread them in mine anger, and trample them in my fury, and their blood shall be sprinkled upon my garments, and I will stain all my raiment. For the day of vengeance is in my heart, and the year of my redeemed is come. And I looked, and there was none to help, and I wondred that there was none to uphold: therefore my own arm brought salvation unto me, and my fury it upheld me. And, I will tread down the people in my anger, and make them drink in my fury, and I will bring down their strength to the earth. Ordinarily this passage is interpreted of the Passion of Jesus Christ, and I do not oppose that it should be apply’d to it by a pious allusion.

But I much wonder that none hath discryed its true meaning, and that none hath perceived that the same event exactly is fore-told here, and in the 19th of the Revelation from the 11th verse to the the end. ‘Tis so plainly the lame thing, that the expressions are in a manner the same. ‘Tis clear that the Holy Ghost alludes to this passage of Isaiah, Revel. 19. when he saith, And he treadeth the wine-press of the fierceness and wrath of Almighty God. The figures are the same, borrowed from war, slaughter, combats, and bloodshed. So that without doubt, the same thing is signified in both places: Namely, that great victory that the Lord Jesus must gain over all the enemies of the Church; (before the period of the thousand years.) An unbloody victory, and which must be gain’d by the sword of his mouth, i.e. his Word: But ’tis represented under the figure of war, according to the custome of the Holy Ghost, who paints out spiritual victories, with colours borrowed from temporal ones.

Now I would fain know, for whom this victory discribed by Isaiah, must be gain’d? Without doubt, ’tis on the behalf of the people of the Jews; ’tis to the Jews that he speaks, the year of my Redeemed is come; and presently after followeth that which we have cited, I will mention the loving kindness of the Lord, &c. which belongs to the people of the Jews, and can’t belong to any other. ‘Tis therefore for the Jews, and on their behalf, that the great battel in the 19th of the Revelation, shall be fought, ’twill be to get a crown for them, and to rise them upon a Throne. Therefore this Nation not in so great an error, as men have hitherto imagined upon the subject: of the nature of the sign of their Messiah.

It is certain, that it must advance their Nation to a very great glory. But they are mistaken. 1. In that they have not own’d the Messiah in his state of Humiliation, and will not, till his glorious Appearance. 2. They doubtless mistake in the nature of their Kingdom, fixing thereto too much of what is Temporal; whereas it shall be very Spiritual, and not at all consist in commanding over Nations, to assemble them for War, to receive of them Tribute and Subjection. It will rather consist in this, that this Nation shall be the most glorious of any in the World, the most zealous, the most Holy, which shall give Pastors, and it may be, Governors to all other People;

In this we have the true reason, why in the book of Revelations there is nothing formally spoken of the Recalling of the Jews. It would have been a very surprizing thing, that the Holy Ghost should have omitted one of the most considerable events of the Church, in a Book of Prophecies, containing the History of it. So our Interpreters would willingly find it every where, and really can find it but in very few places; The reason is, because ’tis only to be met with in the 20th Chapter of the Revelations, and in the 11th Chapter of that Book. The Kingdom of the Messiah and of the Saints, which is spoken of in those places, is that Kingdom which is to be given to the Holy People, according to the Prophecies of Daniel; for in the style of the Prophets, there is no other Holy People, but the People of Israel: So that the Jews are to be the principal part of the fifth Monarchy.

This is the Kingdom that was promised to Jesus Christ by the Angel, who fore-told his birth to the B. Virgin. God will give him the Throne of‘ David his Father. I would feign know how that Oracle hath been accomplisht. The converted Gentiles, of whom Jesus Christ hath been King for sixteen hundred years, are, they the Kingdom of David; while the Jews, who are Children and Brethren of David, are the avowed Enemies of this Kingdom? It may well be said, that Jesus Christ hath received a Kingdom, whereof that of David was the figure; but that doth by no means satisfy.

But what doth the Answer of our Lord Jesus Christ to his Apostles signify? They demanded of him, Wilt thou at this time restore the Kingdom again to Israel? Jesus replyed, by remitting them to another time; ‘‘Tis not for you, saith he, to know the Times and Seasons, which the Father hath put in his own Power. If the Kingdom should never be restored to Israel, why doth not our Lord tell them so? and why doth he hold them in suspence? if the Kingdom of Israel be nothing else than the Calling of the Gentiles and our Christian Church, why doth he refer them to a longer time; saying, that God hath reserved to himself the knowledge of that Time? that was a thing should be effected within a few years in their own time, before their eyes, and by themselves. Lastly, why hath he commanded us to pray daily, Thy Kingdom come, since that Kingdom is already come? for by that Kingdom cannot be understood the eternal Kingdom of Paradise, where Jesus Christ, so far as man, is only the first Subject. They say, ’tis the Kingdom of the Father we pray for, i. e. of the Heavenly Paradise, the Eternal Kingdom, But we need only read what follows in the Lords prayer, to be assured that it must be understood of a Kingdom upon earth. Thy Name be hallowed, Thy will be done on Earth, at it is in Heaven. That clause on Earth, as in Heaven, is common to all three Petitions. Thy Kingdom come upon Earth, as it is already come in Heaven. 

So great a difficulty have these Gentlemen, the Antimillenaries, to conceive a Kingdom of God upon earth and for my own part I find as great a one, not to conceive it. How can we reconcile time for it to the wisdom and goodness of God, to have abandon’d and forsaken the World, thorowout all the duration of it,without preserving a certain time not in that duration for himself and his own kingdom? Now when was it, that God did reign in the world by his Kingdom of grace? It was not in the first World before the Flood, where wickedness prevailed to that degree, that obliged him to destroy it by the Deluge. It was not in the Time from Noah to Moses; for in those Ages Idolatry sprung up, increas’t and multiplied. Much less in those Ages from Moses to Jesus Christ; for the Devil reigned every where, oftentimes not excepting that little corner of the Earth, which God had reserved to himself. It is not from the Appearance of Christ to that of Antichrist; for saving about one hundred years, since the Emperors were Christians, Paganism hath always been uppermost, and the prevailing Religion. It cannot be since the birth of Antichrist; for the 1260 years of his reign, are the Empire of the Beast, and of the Dragon; and this will lead us even to the end of the World, according to these Gentlemen. And the course of the World will be finisht, and God and his Kingdom of Grace have found no place in it. I confess, that in all ages God hath saved some persons, but that is not to Reign; for Truth and Grace have never yet ruled, and been uppermost. They never had the Empire, the number, and the multitude of their side. The number of wicked and worldly men hath always carried it. How much more reasonable then is it to conceive, that God, after having abandon’d six periods to the World and the Dragon, hath at least reserved one seventh to himself, wherein Truth and Grace shall rule and prevail, whereas in the other preceding they have been supprest.

I find nothing more odd and singular, than the version of Hypothesis of these Gentlemen; They acknowledge that all the Nations, hitherto under Infidelity, shall be converted; St. Paul hath expresly said it, in the eleventh Chapter of his Epistle to the Romans; according to them also, the Jews are to be converted. Behold the fairest Empire of Grace which can be imagined! why should we make it fall as soon as it is raised, and make the World itself to end soon after? Is it not more reasonable to conceive, that God will preserve the Church in that glorious state for several ages, to injoy as it were the fruit of his Labours, and see the Intelligible World compleated, and brought to its perfection.

Since the Jews & the fullness of the Gentiles are to be brought in to J. Christ, as all the World grants, is it not reasonable, that in that period of the reunion of all Peoples that they who have been an holy People, to whom we owe the Patriarchs, and the sacred Oracles; for observe it, there is no one book of the N. Testament, any more then of the Old, but was made by a Jew; is it not just, I say, that that Nation should then have the Pre-eminence above all other Nations? There is then, in my opinion, a Kingdom of God to be expected, and this Kingdom is that of the Messiah, the Kingdom of the Jews, the Reign of the Messiah, which is not yet come; for to speak properly, we cannot say that Christ hath hitherto reigned upon Earth: His party as yet hath been in no place or part of the World the prevailing ruling Party; the wheat hath been always buried in the Tares; The Kingdom of the Jews, promised by the Prophets so often, and in so many different manners. And these two Kingdoms, that of the Messiah, and that of the Jews, are to take place at the same time. ‘Tis true, we may compute the beginning of Christ’s Kingdom, from the fall of the Kingdom of Antichrist: and ’tis manifest, that from that point God will reckon the thousand years. Nevertheless the Kingdom of Christ cannot be well said to be come, till all Nations shall be converted; now the Jews are not to be converted till the last of all People.

Joseph  Mede hath a reflection thereupon, which I confess I am pleased with. ‘Tis but a Conjecture, yet reigned but I find it to be very well framed: ‘Tis this, that the Conversion of St. Paul, a zealous and bigotted Jew in the highest degree, is the Type of  the future conversion of the whole Nation. 1. He was a great zealot for the Law, and a furious Persecutor of Christianity. The Jews are also very zealous for Moses, and irreconcileable enemies to Jesus Christ. 2. Paul was converted, not as other men, by the bare preaching of the Gospel, and the sight of  Miracles, but by the glorious appearing of Christ to him from Heaven. ‘Tis likewise very probable, that the Conversion of the Jews will not be in an ordinary way, as by preaching; for the Hearts of that People are under an invincible obduracy. So that ’tis likely that Christ will convert them by some glorious and surprizing apparition, and will appear clothed with those Characters the Prophets nave given him, that they may no longer be able to disown and refuse him. 3. Those who accompanied St. Paul saw indeed the Light, but Christ did not appear to them: the Gentiles and Christians, who shall then be, may have some part in that glorious Apparition, but it may be shall not see it all. 4. Paul was instructed by way of inspiration in all Mysteries, as soon as Jesus Christ had appear’d to him. The Jews shall have their minds inlightned, and the vail which is now on their hearts shall be taken away; and on a sudden shall see clearly into the Oracles of their Law and Prophets. 5. St. Paul was the last of the Apostles who was converted: the Jews will be called the last of all People. 6. Paul after Conversion was the most zealous of any: the Jews when converted shall be the most affectionate and zealous of all Christians. 7. St. Paul converted, becomes an Apostle, and the instrument of the conversion of the Gentiles: the converted Jews shall compleat the conversion of the most remote Pagan Nations, in the utmost corners of the World.

This doubtless is that admirable return of the Jews, and their advancement to the Soveraign dignity of the Church, which Ezekiel represents in the 37. Chapter of his Prophecies, under the Image of a Resurrection. This also is that which St. Paul calls Life from the Dead. Ezekiel saw a large Valley covered with dead Bones. These dead Bones are the House of Israel, saith the Holy Spirit. They came together, and sinews and flesh came upon them, and the Spirit of the Lord entred into them. The Prophet speaks farther, in the the following Chapters of the Victories this renewed Israel should obtain over Gog and Magog, the Enemies of the Church. After which in the nine last Chapters, he makes a figurative description of this Kingdom of the Jews, and of the Messiah, and of the Church perfected upon Earth, under the Emblem of a magnifick temple, whereof he describes the Parts, the Apartments, and several Buildings, the Altar, Priests, Victims, the Land of their possession, and a new division of it. This in my opinion is the mystery of the nine last Chapters of Ezekiel, which have appeared so unintelligible to most Interpreters. I conclude this Chapter, by saying, that the Papism makes it hereby plain, that it is the true Kingdom of Antichrist, by their cruel persecution of the Jews.

That Mystery of iniquity comprehends nothing of the Mystery of Godliness, and sees not that God hath reserved that Nation; to manifest in them his greatest wonders, and consequently that they ought not to be destroyed by flames, as in Spain, and in those Countries where the inquisition is in force.

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