New Testament links to Zechariah 12
In Zechariah 12:3, Jerusalem is described as becoming “a burdensome stone for all people.” This may be compared with Daniel’s prophecy of a stone that was cut out without hands and which smote the image in Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, and then became a great mountain, and filled the whole earth. [Daniel 2:35]
Clearly the stone alludes to Christ, in both prophecies, as he is identified with a rock in several New Testament scriptures. [Matthew 21:42, 44; Mark 12:10; Luke 20:17, 18; Acts 4:11; Romans 9:33; 1 Corinthians 10:4; 1 Peter 2:7, 8] The mountain in Daniel 2:35 and Jerusalem in Zechariah’s prophecy represent Christ’s kingdom, and those who are heirs of the promises through faith in Christ. The table below provides some more New Testament links to Zechariah 12.
|Zechariah 12||New Testament|
|the word of the Lord for Israel||Zechariah 12:1
The burden of the word of the LORD for Israel, saith the LORD, which stretcheth forth the heavens, and layeth the foundation of the earth, and formeth the spirit of man within him.
For in Christ Jesus neither circumcision availeth any thing, nor uncircumcision, but a new creature.
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.
|Jerusalem a cup of trembling||Zechariah 12:2
Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling unto all the people round about,
But I say unto you, Swear not at all; neither by heaven; for it is God’s throne:
Nor by the earth; for it is his footstool: neither by Jerusalem; for it is the city of the great King.
|the siege against Jerusalem||Zechariah 12:2
when they shall be in the siege both against Judah and against Jerusalem.
And when the thousand years are expired, Satan shall be loosed out of his prison,
And shall go out to deceive the nations which are in the four quarters of the earth, Gog, and Magog, to gather them together to battle: the number of whom is as the sand of the sea.
And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city:
|a burdensome stone||Zechariah 12:3
And in that day will I make Jerusalem a burdensome stone for all people
Therefore say I unto you, The kingdom of God shall be taken from you, and given to a nation bringing forth the fruits thereof.
And whosoever shall fall on this stone shall be broken: but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
And he beheld them, and said, What is this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner?
Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; but on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder.
|God’s enemies cut in pieces||Zechariah 12:3
all that burden themselves with it shall be cut in pieces
For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
|all nations||Zechariah 12:3
though all the people of the earth be gathered together against it.
Then shall they deliver you up to be afflicted, and shall kill you: and ye shall be hated of all nations for my name’s sake.
|horses astonished||Zechariah 12:4
In that day, saith the LORD, I will smite every horse with astonishment
|2 Peter 2:12
But these, as natural brute beasts, made to be taken and destroyed, speak evil of the things that they understand not; and shall utterly perish in their own corruption;
|riders mad||Zechariah 12:4
and his rider with madness
|2 Peter 2:17
These are wells without water, clouds that are carried with a tempest; to whom the mist of darkness is reserved for ever.
|God opens his eyes||Zechariah 12:4
and I will open mine eyes upon the house of Judah
And the times of this ignorance Godwinked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:
|horses blind||Zechariah 12:4
and will smite every horse of the people with blindness.
What then? Israel hath not obtained that which he seeketh for; but the election hath obtained it, and the rest were blinded.
|the governors of Judah||Zechariah 12:5
And the governors of Judah shall say in their heart, The inhabitants of Jerusalem shall be my strength in the LORD of hosts their God.
Behold, I give unto you power to tread on serpents and scorpions, and over all the power of the enemy: and nothing shall by any means hurt you.
Notwithstanding in this rejoice not, that the spirits are subject unto you; but rather rejoice, because your names are written in heaven.
|a hearth of fire||Zechariah 12:6
In that day will I make the governors of Judah like an hearth of fire among the wood, and like a torch of fire in a sheaf
I am come to send fire on the earth; and what will I, if it be already kindled?
|people devoured by fire||Zechariah 12:6
and they shall devour all the people round about, on the right hand and on the left:
And they went up on the breadth of the earth, and compassed the camp of the saints about, and the beloved city: and fire came down from God out of heaven, and devoured them.
|Jerusalem shall be inhabited||Zechariah 12:6
and Jerusalem shall be inhabited again in her own place, even in Jerusalem.
In my Father’s house are many mansions: if it were not so, I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you.
And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you unto myself; that where I am, there ye may be also.
|tents of Judah to be saved first||Zechariah 12:7
The LORD also shall save the tents of Judah first
Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should be a kind of firstfruits of his creatures.
|house of David||Zechariah 12:7
that the glory of the house of David and the glory of the inhabitants of Jerusalem do not magnify themselves against Judah.
And to this agree the words of the prophets; as it is written,
After this I will return, and will build again the tabernacle of David, which is fallen down; and I will build again the ruins thereof, and I will set it up:
That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things.
|God fights for Jerusalem||Zechariah 12:8
In that day shall the LORD defend the inhabitants of Jerusalem
What shall we then say to these things? If God be for us, who can be against us?
He that spared not his own Son, but delivered him up for us all, how shall he not with him also freely give us all things?
|the house of David like God||Zechariah 12:8
and he that is feeble among them at that day shall be as David; and the house of David shall be as God, as the angel of the LORD before them.
|2 Timothy 1:7
For God hath not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.
|God’s enemies destroyed||Zechariah 12:9
And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will seek to destroy all the nations that come against Jerusalem.
|2 Thessalonians 2:8
And then shall that Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord shall consume with the spirit of his mouth, and shall destroy with the brightness of his coming:
|the Spirit is given to the Church||Zechariah 12:10
And I will pour upon the house of David, and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications
|1 Corinthians 2:12
Now we have received, not the spirit of the world, but the spirit which is of God; that we might know the things that are freely given to us of God.
|they shall look upon me whom they have pierced||Zechariah 12:10
and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced, and they shall mourn for him, as one mourneth for his only son, and shall be in bitterness for him,
Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even so, Amen.
|the firstborn||Zechariah 12:10
as one that is in bitterness for his firstborn.
For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate to be conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren.
Who is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn of every creature:
In that day shall there be a great mourning in Jerusalem, as the mourning of Hadadrimmon in the valley of Megiddon.
And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory.
|royal line, and priestly line||Zechariah 12:12-14
And the land shall mourn, every family apart; the family of the house of David apart, and their wives apart; the family of the house of Nathan apart, and their wives apart;
The family of the house of Levi apart, and their wives apart; the family of Shimei apart, and their wives apart;
All the families that remain, every family apart, and their wives apart.
|1 Peter 2:9
But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light;