Archive

Archive for September, 2011

Jesus vs. Preterism

September 27, 2011 1 comment

Preterists misinterpret the teaching of Jesus in his Olivet Discourse. They insist that this prophecy was fulfilled in the first century. They delight in comparing their interpretations against those of futurists. Here the claims of preterists are compared with the teachings of Jesus.

Read more…

Babylonian astronomy and the 70 weeks

September 25, 2011 Comments off

The wise men of ancient Babylon made very accurate observations of the positions of the sun and the moon over several centuries. Their observations revealed that the motions of the sun and moon relative to the earth followed a cycle of 19 years.

It is likely that this would have been known to Daniel, as according to Daniel 2:48, king Nebuchadnezzar made Daniel “chief of the governors over all the wise men of Babylon.”

Read more…

Clarence Larkin’s mountain peaks of prophecy

September 23, 2011 7 comments

The Mountains of Prophecy

Clarence Larkin (1850-1924) published a series of charts on prophecy that promoted the premillennial view of Scripture, and dispensationalism. In his chart, “The Mountain Peaks of Prophecy,” a larger-than-life, bearded figure stands on a plain at the left, looking towards the right. The scene is a timeline, which represents the progress of time. The bearded person clearly sees the birth of Jesus, Calvary, the descent of the holy Spirit at Pentecost, which are represented by symbols upon the top of a mountain ridge representing the coming of Christ in the first century. Behind the first range of mountains is a valley that is hidden from the view of the bearded prophet. In the middle of the valley, called the Valley of the Church, there is a church building, that is obviously meant to represent the Christian church. A note states that the prophets did not see this. Beyond the Valley of the Church, there is another range of mountains, representing events at the end of the age, and the return of Christ. Antichrist stands near the summit. Beyond him, over the mount of Olives, is an image of the sun, and farther beyond it another valley, called the Millennial Valley. A circle floating above the valley contains the kingdom of God, which is visible to the prophet. At the far right, suspended in the air, are the New Jerusalem and the new earth.

Read more…

The woman’s second flight to the wilderness in Revelation 12

September 22, 2011 Comments off

In Revelation 12, John describes the woman (who represents the saints) fleeing to the wilderness twice, first in verse 6, and again in verse 14. In both verses, she has a place prepared for her by God. In both verses, she is nourished. In the woman’s first flight to the wilderness, she stays in the wilderness for 1,260 days, corresponding to the time of the ministry of the two witnesses in the previous chapter. Elsewhere these time periods of Revelation are shown to be symbolic. For example, see the post Does John interpret Daniel’s 70 weeks prophecy?

Read more…

Earth movements at Jerusalem

September 20, 2011 Comments off

In Bible prophecy, Jerusalem and its surroundings are prominent subjects. Several prophecies speak of dramatic changes in the land at Jerusalem, including vertical and lateral displacements.

Read more…

Why would the mount of Olives be cast into the sea?

September 20, 2011 Comments off

When the disciples asked Jesus to increase their faith, he told them that if they had faith as a grain of mustard seed, they could say to a sycamine tree, that was nearby, “Be thou plucked up by the root, and be thou planted in the sea,” and it would obey them. Then he explained that a servant who does merely what is required is unprofitable.

Read more…

When will Jerusalem be a praise in the earth?

September 18, 2011 Comments off

Jesus referred to the heavenly Jerusalem, when he said to his disciples, “Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid.” [Matthew 5:14]  The earthly Jerusalem is not a light to the world, but the gospel is a light. Jesus called Jerusalem “the city of the great King.” [Matthew 5:35] These statements apply to the heavenly city, where Jesus is the king. Isaiah said:

Read more…

Preterism, dispensationalism, and the mount of Olives

September 15, 2011 2 comments

The covenant that Christ confirms with his church includes the fulfillment of all the prophecies about the promised Messiah, Jesus Christ. One of these prophecies, in Zechariah 14, says that he will stand upon the mount of Olives, and that the saints will flee to a valley that forms when the mount of Olives splits, and half of the mountain goes north, and half of it goes towards the south.

Read more…

The times and seasons of the gospel

September 14, 2011 Comments off

In the gospel, God’s purpose and plan of salvation is represented by various natural phenomena, such as day and night, and the seasons. Jesus described the time of his ministry as “day,” but said that night would come. He said, “I must work the works of him that sent me, while it is day: the night cometh, when no man can work.” [John 9:4]

Read more…

Bengel and the revival of Chiliasm

September 13, 2011 Comments off

Karl August Auberlen credited Johann Albrecht Bengel (1687–1752) with reviving Chiliasm. He said “Bengel laid the foundation for a dogmatic development of eschatology” and “The world-chronology of Bengel is the mother of a fundamental idea of modern theology, the idea of an organic historical development of the kingdom of God.” He quoted Franz Delitzsch, who wrote of Bengel: “To whom else do we owe it, that the orthodox Church of the present time does not brand the Chiliastic view of the last times as a heterodoxy, as is done in almost all old manuals of dogmatics; but, on the contrary, has allowed it to enter into her innermost life, so that there is scarcely a believing Christian now, who does not take this view?”

Read more…

The time periods of prophecy

September 13, 2011 Comments off

This post consists of a table listing some of the time periods of prophecy, with scripture references.

Read more…

Auberlen’s analysis of the seventy weeks

September 12, 2011 Comments off

Preterists frequently point to Jews of the first century, saying that their sufferings in the Roman siege must have occurred because they rejected Jesus Christ, their promised Messiah. But if that is the case, what can we conclude from events during the history of the German nation during the last century, and of other nations, that seem equally horrible?

In preterist interpretations the covenant mentioned in Daniel 9:27, that Christ was to confirm for one week, is limited to the first century. Lutheran theologian K. A. Auberlen (1824-1864) supported that view. He wrote, “We must seek the second half of the last week, and thus the final point of the seventy weeks, in the apostolic age, between three and four years after the death of Christ. This point appears at first sight still more vague and obscure than the terminus a quo.
Read more…

Which temple is meant in Daniel 9:26-27?

September 11, 2011 Comments off

In the New Testament, the Jerusalem temple was a type and shadow of heavenly or spiritual things. Jesus identified himself with the temple. The apostle Paul wrote to the Corinthian church, “Know ye not that ye are the temple of God, and that the Spirit of God dwelleth in you?” [1 Corinthians 3:16] And similarly, he said, “What? know ye not that your body is the temple of the Holy Ghost which is in you, which ye have of God, and ye are not your own?” [1 Corinthians 6:19]

When we consider Daniel’s 70 weeks prophecy in the light of the gospel, the question arises, which temple is made desolate, the earthly one made with hands, or the heavenly, spiritual one that Paul referred to? The heavenly one is the church.

Read more…

Are the events of 70 AD included in the 70 weeks?

September 8, 2011 3 comments

In his Commentary on Daniel 9, James Burton Coffman claimed that the 70 weeks prophecy was completely fulfilled in 490 years; the final week was fulfilled by the ministry of Jesus, his death and resurrection, and by the preaching of the gospel in Jerusalem in the following three and a half years. But the 70 weeks were to include events that do not fit within that time frame, such as the war, the flood, the desolations, the destruction of the city and the sanctuary, the ending of sacrifices and oblations, and the judgment of the one causing desolation. The abomination of desolation standing in the holy place was yet future for Jesus. Those events are excluded from the scope of the 70 weeks, according to preterist interpretations, that claim the 70 weeks terminated in or about 34 AD.

Read more…

Does John interpret Daniel’s 70 weeks prophecy?

September 6, 2011 Comments off

Several elements of the prophecy of the 70 weeks, in Daniel 9:24-27, are also evident in Revelation 12, which suggests that John’s prophecy interprets and explains several aspects of Daniel’s prophecy, especially the things pertaining to the 70th week. Common elements in the two prophecies are listed in the following table.

Read more…

E. W. Hengstenberg on the termination of Daniel’s 70 weeks

September 5, 2011 Comments off

Lutheran theologian Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg (1802-1869) believed that the beginning of Daniel’s 70 weeks was the decree issued in the 20th year of Artaxerxes, which he supposed occurred in 455 BC, a date which challenged conventional chronology. In his view, the 70th week was limited to seven literal years, which included the ministry of Jesus, plus the three and a half years that followed. A similar interpretation of the 70th week is favored by many preterists today.

Read more…

The 70th week and the mount of Olives

September 5, 2011 Comments off

The prophet Ezekiel made several references to the mount of Olives, some explicit, and some implied. He said the glory of the Lord went from the midst of Jerusalem and stood upon the mount of Olives. [Ezekiel 11:23] Later, he said the glory of the Lord came by way of the east, and filled the house of the Lord. [Ezekiel 43:5] The river which flowed from out of the temple was only ankle deep, near the city of Jerusalem, but it became a river that was too deep to cross about a mile to the east, which is the site of the mount of Olives. [Ezekiel 47:5]

Read more…

H. C. Leupold and the 70 weeks

September 4, 2011 Comments off

Herbert Carl Leupold (1891-1972) was professor of Old testament Exegesis in the Capital University Seminary, Colombus, Ohio.  His interpretation of the 70 weeks made no effort to connect the numbers of weeks associated with the three sections, (7 weeks, 62 weeks, and 1 week) with real years. [1] It is illustrated in the graphic below.

Read more…