Genealogy of the gap

July 20, 2011

The idea of a gap in the 70 weeks, or in the period between the earthly ministry of Jesus and the start of the time, times and a half, has been nurtured for centuries by scholars who embraced the year-day theory. 1260 days is the duration of the ministry of the two witnesses of Revelation 11, and the period for which the woman in Revelation 12, who represents the church, flees to the wilderness. The idea of a gap prior to the 1260 days was adopted by futurists and incorporated into dispensationalism, whose gap surpasses every historicist gap.

An interpretation that invokes a gap in the 70 weeks of Daniel is flawed, as there are no gaps in time. The time, times and a half, and the 1,260 days, and other related periods signify, not a certain number of earth-years or earth-days, but those numbers are symbolic of the age of the church, which is the heavenly city, a city not made with hands, and so is spiritual in nature. It remains forever. How could earthly units of days, and months, and years apply to it?

The time, times and a half of Daniel and Revelation and the 1260 days represent the last half of the “week” in which Christ confirms his covenant with his saints, or the remaining portion thereof. The period is one half of “seven times,” and completes the week of Daniel 9:27, the 70th week of Daniel’s prophecy. The first half-week of the 70th week is the earthly ministry of Jesus. There is no “gap” in the 70th week, because it is the week in which Jesus confirms the covenant with many. He promised his disciples, “surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.” [Matthew 28:20] Jesus continues his ministry of confirming the covenant throughout the church age.

Misunderstanding the “times and laws,” including the prophetic times is characteristic of the little horn of Daniel 7, which was to destined wear out the saints of the most High. [Daniel 7:25]

The opinions of more than 100 authors on the significance of the prophetic 3 ½ years, 1260 days, and the time, times and a half, are summarized in the table below. The names are ordered by the middle column, which is the size of the “gap” that is invoked in the interpretation; that is, the period of time invoked from 30 AD, taken as the date of the crucifixion of Jesus, and the beginning of the 1260 days of Revelation 12:6 and 14, sometimes interpreted by the year-day theory as 1260 years, and sometimes taken as literal days.

Author Gap Proposed Dates
Hugo Grotius (1583-1645) 20 years 50-64
James Stuart Russell (1816-1895)

Robert Young (1822-1888)

Kenneth L. Gentry, Jr. (1950- )
37 67-70
Henry Hammond (1605-1660) 102 132-136
Walter Brute c. 1391 104 134-1394
B. H. Carroll (1843-1914) 220 250-1510
Dr. H. More (1614-1687) 227 257-1517
Peter Artopaeus (1505-1574) 230 260-1520
Johannes Cocceius (1603-1669) 262 292-1522
John Napier (1550-1617) 270 300-1560
Thomas Brightman (1562-1607) 274 304-1546
James Brocard (b. 1563) 283 313-1573
John Napier (1550-1617) 286 316-1576
Michael Servetus (1509-1553) 295 325-1585
Johann Heinrich Alsted (1588-1638) 332 362-1622
Joseph Mede (1586-1639) 346 376-1636
James Macknight (1721-1800) 349 379-1639
Thomas Parker (1595-1677) 359 389-1649
Ephraim Heut

Edmund Hall
360 390-1650
Samuel Hartlib (1600-1662)

John Cotton (1585-1652)
365 395-1655
Thomas Goodwin (1600-1680) 376 406-1666
E. R. Leorinus 380 410-1670
David Chytraeus (1530-1600) 382 412-1672
William Alleine (1614-1677) 396 426-1686
Joseph Hussey 397 427-1687
Hanserd Knollys (1599-1691) 398 428-1688
Pierre Du Moulin (1568-1658) 399 429-1689
Thomas Beverley 407 437-1697
Pierre Jurieu (1637-1713) 420 450-1710
William Whiston (1667-1752) 425 455-1715
Mitchell 425 455-1697
Joseph Mede (1586-1638)

William Whiston (1667-1752)

Charles Daubuz (1673-1717)
446 476-1736
James Bicheno (1752– 1831)

Edward Bishop Elliott (1793-1875)

John Bayford
499 529-1789
B. D. Bogie 500 530-1790
James Hartley Frere (1779-1866)

William Cunninghame (1776-1849)
502 532-1792
Archibald Mason (1753-1831)

Charles David Maitland (1785-1865)

Edward Cooper (1770-1833)

George Croly (1780-1860)

James Hartley Frere (1779-1866)
503 533-1792
Bishop Thomas Newton (1704-1782)

Matthew Habershon (1789-1852)

Alexander Keith (1791-1880)

Edward Irving (1792-1834)

Albert Barnes (1798-1870)

Edward Bickersteth (1814–1892)

Henry Grattan Guinness (1835-1910)

Sylvester Bliss (1814-1863)
503 533-1793
Michael Paget Baxter (1834-1910) 507 537-1797
David Simpson (1745-1799)

William Miller (1782-1849)

Uriah Smith (1832-1903)

Ellen G. White (1827-1915)

508 538-1798
Sharpe 510 540-1800
William Ettrick (1757-1847) 518 548-1808
Robert Fleming (c. 1660-1716) 522 552-1794
Roderick C. Meredith (1930- ) 524 554-1814
Matthew Habershon (1789-1852)

John Aquila Brown (c. 1827)

J. Fry (1775-1849)
554 584-1844
Joseph Wolf (1795-1862) 557 587-1847
George Stanley Faber (1773-1854) 574 604-1864
Drue Cressener (1642-1718)

Joel Mann (1789-1844)
576 606-1848
Robert Fleming (c. 1660-1716) 576 606-1848

606-1884
Joseph Galloway (1731-1803) 576 606-1849
Thomas Parker (1595-1677) 576 c: 600-1859
Jonathan Edwards (1703-1758)

Matthias Flacius (1520-1575)

David Pareus (1548-1622)

William Whiston (1667-1752)

John Gill (1697-1771)

John Mayer (c. 1627)

Bishop Thomas Newton (1704-1782)

Joseph Galloway (1731-1803)

David Simpson (1745-1799)

Henry Gauntlett (1762-1833)

George Stanley Faber (1773-1854)

Edward Bishop Elliott (1793-1875)

Albert Barnes (1798-1870)

Henry Grattan Guinness (1835-1910)
576 606-1866
William Hales (1747-1831) 590 620-1880
John Chappel Woodhouse (1749-1833) 592 622-1882
Edward Wells (1667-1727) 600 630-1890
Philipp Melancthon (1497-1560) 630 660-2000
David Simpson (1745-1799) 636 666-1926
Bishop Thomas Newton (1704-1782)

Frederick Fysh (d. 1867)
697 727-1987
Albert Barnes (1798-1870) 722 752-2012
Dr. John Smith 725 755-2015
Alexander Fraser (1749-1802) 726 756-1998
Bryce Johnston (1747-1805) 726 756-1999
Moses Lowman (1679-1752)

David Simpson (1745-1799)
726 756-2016
Alexander Pirie (c. 1794) 727 757-2017
Robert Fleming (c. 1660-1716) 728 758-2000
Isaac Newton (1642-1727) 770 800-2060
Johan Albrecht Bengel (1687-1752) 834 864-1521
1028 1058-1836
John Wesley (1703-1791) 1028 1058-1836
Albert Barnes (1798-1870) 1043 1073-2333
J. J. Brachmair 1120 1150-1500
Keith 1168 1198-2450
Hans Hut (c. 1490-1527) 1495 1525-1528
Melchior Hoffman (1495-1544) 1496 1526-1530
Lodowicke Muggleton (1609-1698) 1622 1652-1658
Robert Baxter

Edward Irving (1792-1834)
1802 1832-1835
Michael Paget Baxter (1834-1910) 1837 1867-1871
Joseph Franklin “Judge” Rutherford (1856-1942) 1884 1914-1918
Florence Houteff 1925 1955-1959
Herbert W. Armstrong (1892-1986) 1942 1972-1975
Ronald Weinland (1949- ) 1975 2008-2012
Herbert L. Peters (1946-2007) 1977 2010-2014
Enhanced by Zemanta
Advertisements