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Historic interpretations of the ten horns

July 12, 2011

Futurist Joseph Tyso (1774-1852), Baptist minister at Wallingford, Oxfordshire, compiled a table showing the variety among expositors on the identification of the ten horns of the beast in Daniel 7:7, Revelation 13:1 and 17:3, 12. The data he presented is summarized in the table below. Tyso intended to discredit the year-day theory and support his futurist theory that the beast was yet to appear. [1]

Author The Ten Horns
Machiavel The Ostrogoths in Mesia, the Visigoths in Pannonia, the Sueves and Alans in Gascoyne and Spain, the Vandals in Africa, the Franks in France, the Bergundians in Burgandy, the Heruli and Thuringi in Italy, the Saxons and Angles in Britain, the Huns in Hungary, the Lombards first on the Danube and afterwards in Italy
Procopius Ostrogothi, Wisigothi, Vandali, Gepidae, Lombardi, Heruli, Bergundians, Huns, Franks, Saxons
Napier France, England, Spain, Lombardy, Denmark, Hungary, Sweden, Scotland, Ravenna, Goths in Italy
Eberard, Bishop of Saltzburg The Turks, the Greeks, the Egyptians, the Africans, the Spaniards, the French, the English, the Germans, the Sicilians, the Italians
Brightman Constantinus Magnus, Constantinus Filius, Jusianus, Jovianus, Valentianus I, Gratianus, Valentianus II, Arcadius, Honorius, Theodosius
P. Du Moulin France, England, Spain, Lombardy, Sclavonia, Hungary, Bulgaria, Denmark, Poland, Naples and Sicily
Pareus All the kingdoms in Christendom which have been subject to the Romish Popes, as Hungary, Spain, France, England, Italy, &c.
Mede The Britons, the Saxons in Britain, the Franks, the Bergundians in France, the Visigoths in the South of France and Spain, the Sueves and Alans in Galacia and Portugal, the Vandals in Africa, the Allemanni in Grmany, the Ostrogoths in Pannonia and afterwards in Italy, the Greeks in the residue of the Empire
Mayer England, France, Spain, Poland, Denmark, Suevia, Hungary, Germany, Bohemia, Italy
Daubuz The Almans, the Franks, the Saxons in Britain, the Visigoths, the Vandals, the Burgundians, the Ostrogoths, the Huns, the Heruli, the Greeks
Sir Isaac Newton The Vandals and Alans in Spain and Africa, the Suevians in Spain, the Visigoths, the Alans in Galatia, the Burgundians, the Franks, the Britons, the Huns, the Lombards, the kingdom of Ravenna
Whiston The Greeks in Constantinople, the Suevi in Lusitania, the Burgundians in Gaul and Spain, the Visigoths in Gaul and Spain, the Franks in Gaul, the Vandals in Africa, the Britons in Britain, the Ostrogoths in Pannonia, the Saxons in Britain, the Heruli in Italy
Bishop Newton The Senate of Rome, the Greeks in Ravenna, the Lombards in Lombardy, the Huns in Hungary, the Alemmani in Germany, the Franks in France, the Burgundians in Burgundy, the Goths in Spain, the Britons, the Saxons in Britain
Bishop Lloyd Huns, Ostrogoths, Visigoths, Franks, Vandals, Sueves and Alans, Burgundians, Herules and Rugians and Thuringians, Saxons, Longobardi in Hungary
Frere Ravenna, Lombardy, Rome, Naples, Tuscany, France, Austria, Spain, Portugal, Britain
Faber The Vandals, the Suevi, the Alans, the Burgundians, the Franks, the Visigoths, the Anglo-Saxons, the Herulo-Turingi, the Ostrogoths, the Lombards
Thorpe Rome, Ravenna, Lombardy, Naples, Tuscany, France, Austria, Spain, Portugal, Great Britain
Dr. Hale The Huns, the Ostrogoths, the Visigoths, the Franks, the Vandals, the Sueves, the Burgundians, the Herules, the Longobards
Cunninghame The Visigoths in Gaul and Spain, the Suevi in Spain, the Heuli in Italy, the Franks in Belgium, the Burgundians in Burgundy, the Saxons in Britain, the Alans in Gaul and Spain, the Ostrogoths in Pannonia, the Lombards in Pannonia, the Vandals in Africa
Dr. A. Clarke France, Spain, England, Scotland, the Empire, Sweden, Denmark, Poland, Hungary, Portugal
P. Jurieu Britons, Saxons, Franks, Bergundians, Visigoths, Sueves, Vandals, Alemans, Ostrogoths, Greeks in the East
J. J. Brachmair Italy, Spain, Gaul or France, England, Germany, Dalmatia, Pannonia, Greece, Natolia, Syria
Anonymous R. Alemanorum, R. Ostrogothorum, R. Visigothorum, R. Hunnorum, R. Brittanno-Romanorum, R. Suevorum, R. Alanorum, R. Vandalorum, R. Burgundiorum, R. Francorum
Dr. Allix The Alemans, the Franks, the Anglo-Saxons in Britain, the Burgundians, the Wisigoths, the Suevi, the Vandals, the Ostrogoths, the Lombards, the Heruli and Turcilingi
Jones Odoacer, the Visigoths, the Vandals, the Huns, the Burgundians, the Franks, the Suevi, the Saxons, the Greeks, the Lombards
Brooks Vandals, Suevi, Alans, Burgundians, Franks, Visigoths, Anglo-Saxons, Rome, Lombardy, Ravenna
W. Keene Rome, Lombardy, Ravenna, Naples and Sicily, Savoy and Piedmont and Sardinia, Austria, Spain, Portugal, France, Britain

References

1. Joseph Tyso. An elucidation of the prophecies, being an exposition of the books of Daniel and the Revelation. Jackson and Walford, 1838. pp. 100-110.

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