The seventieth week and the sabbath
Both the creation week in Genesis, and the seventieth week of Daniel 9, end in a sabbath of “rest.”
The sabbath day of creation week followed the completion of the creation in six days. The seventieth week also concludes with “rest,” which is the promised inheritance of the saints.
Hebrews 3 and 4 shows that the sabbath day, and the rest that followed Israel’s conquest of the land of Canaan were types and shadows representing the blessings the saints who believe the Gospel inherit, including life.
The Israelites in the wilderness, who had come out of Egypt, did not enter the promised land or possess it, but died in the wilderness, because they did not believe God’s promise. They put their trust in the men who gave discouraging, negative reports about the land to which God was leading them. The spies said they considered themselves as like grasshoppers, or locusts, in comparison to the people dwelling in the land. When the people heard the conflicting reports they believed the negative ones, and they began to regret their departure from Egypt. So God decreed that none of the men of war who had come out of Egypt, and who had seen his works, and did not believe, would enter in.
But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?
And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?
So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
Only Joshua and Caleb, who had given positive reports, were permitted to enter the promised land forty years later. Joshua gave Caleb an inheritance there.
Paul said those things had happened for our examples. [1 Corinthians 10:11]
The sabbath day was also a figure of the rest promised to the saints. [Hebrews 4:4-11]
In the seventieth week that began when Jesus began his ministry the things mentioned in Daniel 9:24 began come to pass, including promises of an end to sin, reconciliation for iniquity, and bringing in everlasting righteousness. The covenant that Christ confirms for one week includes the promise of “everlasting righteousness,” which implies eternal life. The resurrection of the saints is included in the seventieth week. Perhaps one of the reasons why the prophecy says that Christ will confirm his covenant for one week is to connect it with the creation week. The church age is a period of creation. The saints are God’s creation, and Paul said the whole creation awaits the manifestation of the sons of God. [Romans 8:12-27]
Paul said the saints are a new creation. [2 Corinthians 5:17] Thus the seventieth week of Daniel 9 is a week of creation.
In the first half week, Jesus lived and ministered, and he gave up his life, and by his death, and resurrection, became the captain of our salvation. [Hebrews 2:10] In the last half-week Jesus builds his church. Ultimately all nations will worship him. [Revelation 15:4] In the seventieth week, Christ confirms the promises made to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, and all the prophets. Paul said:
Now I say that Jesus Christ was a minister of the circumcision for the truth of God, to confirm the promises made unto the fathers.